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Macular Degeneration

Loss of Central Vision

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a deterioration of a small part of the retina called the macula. The macula is responsible for your central vision, helping you see fine details of objects in front of you, near or far. AMD is common in older people as part of the body’s natural aging process.

Common Questions About Macular Degeneration

What Are the Causes of Macular Degeneration?

The exact cause of macular degeneration is not fully understood, but it is believed to result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and age-related factors. Some risk factors for macular degeneration include:

  1. Age: As the name suggests, age-related macular degeneration becomes more common with increasing age, especially after 50.
  2. Family History: A family history of macular degeneration increases the risk.
  3. Smoking: Smoking is a significant modifiable risk factor for developing macular degeneration.
  4. Race: Caucasians are more susceptible to macular degeneration than other racial groups.
  5. Gender: Women are at a slightly higher risk than men.

What are common symptoms of Macular Degeneration?

The symptoms of macular degeneration can include:

  1. Blurred or Distorted Vision: Straight lines may appear wavy or bent, and central vision becomes blurry.
  2. Central Blind Spot: As the disease progresses, a blind spot may develop in the center of the visual field.
  3. Difficulty with Reading: Reading and recognizing faces become challenging due to central vision loss.
  4. Reduced Color Perception: Colors may appear less vibrant or distorted.

What are the different types of Macular Degeneration?

There are two main types of macular degeneration:

  1. Dry Macular Degeneration (Non-Neovascular): This is the more common type and typically progresses slowly. It involves the accumulation of drusen (yellow deposits) in the macula, leading to gradual vision loss.
  2. Wet Macular Degeneration (Neovascular): This is less common but more severe. It occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow beneath the retina, leaking fluid and blood, causing rapid vision loss.

How Can I Manage Macular Degeneration?

While there is no cure for macular degeneration, several steps can help reduce the risk and slow its progression:

  1. Lifestyle Choices: Quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids, and protecting your eyes from UV light can all help.
  2. Regular Eye Exams: Routine eye examinations, including macular degeneration screening, are essential for early detection and management.
  3. Medications and Treatments: Some cases of wet macular degeneration can be treated with medications or therapies like anti-VEGF injections or laser therapy.
  4. Low Vision Aids: Devices like magnifiers and specialized glasses can help individuals with macular degeneration make the most of their remaining vision.

Macular degeneration is a serious eye condition, and early detection is crucial for effective management. If you have concerns about your vision or risk factors for macular degeneration, consult with one of our eye clinic professionals for a comprehensive eye exam and guidance on protecting your vision.

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