Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common type of refractive error where close objects appear clear, but distant objects appear blurry. Nearsightedness occurs when your eye is too long in relation to the curvature of your cornea. This causes light rays entering your eye to focus in front of the retina, producing a blurred image.
Common Questions About Nearsightedness
What causes nearsightedness?
Nearsightedness is a hereditary eye condition, but some researchers also believe that eye fatigue from performing extended close vision tasks like reading can play a factor.
Do I need to wait for my prescription to slow down before I am a candidate for treatment?
Yes, your prescription should stabilize before having LASIK or any laser correction procedure and most patients stabilize by age 21. Some patients with higher prescription should wait until age 25. Your eye doctor will inform you if you have stabilized adequately to proceed with surgery.
I have myopia and I am in my early 40s. If I get laser vision correction, will I still need my glasses for reading eventually anyway?
There are procedures available to correct both distance and reading vision, so that patients are essentially glasses free for most tasks.
When does nearsightedness start?
Nearsightedness typically appears between the ages of 5 and 12, and almost always before the age of 20. While the condition tends to worsen with age, it does tend to stabilize in adulthood. Because nearsightedness often appears in childhood, it’s frequently diagnosed during school screenings or when parents notice their children sitting too close to the television.
I have a high eyeglass prescription. Am I a candidate for laser vision correction?
Yes, laser corrective surgery can treat extremely severe prescriptions safely and effectively and other implant surgeries can treat even higher or more complex prescriptions.